What Did The Egyptians Invent?

There are so many inventions today that we couldn’t think to live without, but how did they all come about? Did they all change the world? I don’t know about you, but the invention that lets you eat Cheetos without getting your fingers dirty changed my world, so I think yes, they do all change the world!

inventions by ancient egypt

Inventions have the power to change the world in profound ways. They can revolutionize industries, improve living standards, and transform social and cultural norms. Throughout history, inventions have driven human progress and opened up new frontiers of knowledge and discovery. With the potential to change the world in profound ways and impact many generations to come, let’s discuss some other, important inventions, particularly from Egypt.

Inventions By Ancient Egypt

The ancient Egyptians were a civilization known for their engineering and architectural achievements, but they also made several notable inventions that were ahead of their time. Here are some of the most significant inventions made by ancient Egypt.

ancient egypt achievements

Ancient Egypt is known for its numerous inventions that have stood the test of time. One of the most impressive inventions was the creation of papyrus, a paper-like material that was made from the pith of the papyrus plant. This invention allowed the Egyptians to record and preserve their history, culture, and knowledge, as well as to communicate with one another. The Egyptians also invented the water clock, which was used to measure time, and the shaduf, a device used for irrigation. Other notable inventions include the hieroglyphic writing system, the chariot, and the calendar. These inventions by ancient Egypt continue to inspire and influence technology and culture today.

  • Paper: The ancient Egyptians created a form of paper made from papyrus plants that grew along the Nile River. Papyrus was a durable and versatile material that was used for writing, drawing, and even for making boats, shoes, and baskets.
  • Clocks: Ancient Egyptians used water clocks to keep track of time. These clocks used a vessel with a small hole that allowed water to drip at a constant rate, marking the passage of time. Sundials were also used to tell time during the day.
  • Eye makeup: Ancient Egyptians used a type of eye makeup called kohl, which was made from a mixture of soot and galena. Kohl was used as both a cosmetic and a medicinal product, as it was believed to have healing properties.
  • Toothpaste: Ancient Egyptians used a form of toothpaste made from a mixture of salt, pepper, and mint. They also used a toothbrush made from twigs to clean their teeth.
  • Surgical tools: Ancient Egyptians were skilled in medicine and surgery, and they created a variety of surgical tools such as forceps, scalpels, and bone saws. They also developed techniques for mummification, which involved the careful removal of organs from the body.
  • Shadoof: A shadoof was a device used for irrigation, which allowed ancient Egyptians to water their crops efficiently. The shadoof consisted of a long pole with a bucket on one end and a counterweight on the other, allowing the user to lift water from a river or canal and deposit it in a field.
ancient egyptian achievements


From the dawn of civilization, humans have made great strides in science and technology thanks to their innate curiosity and inventiveness and while many of the technical and design wonders we use on a daily basis are taken for granted, it’s sometimes easy to forget how a few of the more unexpected innovations came to be. The ancient Egyptians didn’t only leave us the pyramids and Halloween costume ideas, they also gave us a world-changing legacy of innovations and discoveries.

Also Read: What Did Albert Einstein Invent?

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